INDUSTRY OF GAZIANTEP

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* INDUSTRY OF GAZIANTEP *

General information:

Gaziantep plays an important role in the Turkish economy with its industrial and commercial infrastructure; the city acts as a bridge between important regions due to its geographical location in a commercial center. The number of large industry businesses established in Gaziantep comprise four percent of the Turkish industry in general, and small industries comprise six percent. The industrial sector with many small and medium size businesses offers a wide opportunity of employment.  The brances of the manufacturing industry make up 28.72 percent of the economically active population. The major areas of the existing businesses in Gaziantep are mainly located in the regions of Organize Sanayi Bölgeleri Örnek Sanayi, Küçük Sanayi Bölgesi, Nizip Caddesi, 1, and 2, Ünaldı – Şehreküstü.

Manufacturing Industry and its Sectoral Structure:

The manufacturing industry in Gaziantep is highly developed, and as a result the city is known as  an economical center in the East and South East Anatolia regions. Besides small manufacturing shops and workshops in the manufacturing industry, the city has also attracted many large size installations. The industry in Gaziantep is one of the leading important production centers in Turkey across many sectors. 

The manufacturing industry in Gaziantep is comprised of eight groups, namely food, textile, chemicals-plastics, machinery-metals, automotive subcontractors, building subcontractors, leather and processed leather products and forest-wood-paper products industries.

Organized Industrial Zone: The Organized Industrial Zone is a system that offers easier and more competitive production for medium and small size operations that cooperatively manufacture products, by utilizing common substructure facilities on a well planned site. Currently, Gaziantep has three organized industrial zones covering 12 million sqm. The first Organized Industrial Zone was established on a 210 hectare land, with 138 active firms. In general, such firms are medium sized and active in sectors such as textile, machinery metal, chemicals, plastics and food.  There are 20,000 employees working in the First Organized Industrial Zone and a monthly average of 20 million Kw/h power and 10O.OOOm tons of city water is consumed.

The second Organized Industrial Zone has been established on a 450 hectare land and spaces have been allocated for 277 industries. Although its substructure has not been completed yet, 150 large scale firms have started acting, and currently 100 firms are at the construction stage in this zone. The main industries found here include textiles, chemicals, plastics and food.  There are 20.000 employees, and a monthly average of 25 million kW/h power and 100.000 m tons of city water is consumed.

The third Organized Industrial Zone has been planned on 540 hectares of land. More than 900 industries have requested for allocation of a lot to act in this zone, but only 297 lots were available. Currently 100 firms have already started acting in textile, food, building materials and synthetic weaving sectors.  In addition to this, a fourth Organized Industrial Zone is at the stage of establishment to satisfy the demands of the remaining industries in Gaziantep.

Örnek Sanayi and Küçük Sanayi Sitesi: (Model and Small Industry Sites)

Örnek Sanayi Sitesi is a zone for 50 sample businesses over a 800 sqm covered area, allocating 350.000 sqm of land for each and is the result of a partnership between the Ministry of Industry and Commerce and United Nations Industrial Development Organization (LlNIDO).

This site was established to act as an example and provide incentive to small and medium size industries on operation volumes and production methods. The main sectors in this site are textile machinery, steel casting, automotive spare parts, steam boilers, dam equipment’s, grains and pulses process machinery, metal and wood process machinery and die and packing industry installations. There is a total of 3620 business places in all three small industrial sites, and a total of 25,000 workers are employed.  KOSGEB has been established for the purpose of servicing industries in the region and offers services of training, engineering, consultancy and laboratories to the operations in this region.

Nizip Street and lts Neighborhood:

The first zone that has been active in the city-center before the establishment of Organized Industrial Zones and small industry sites was Nizip Street; 150 firms are active in this region.  In general, the firms that are active in this region manufacture plastics, shoes, flour, semolina, carpet, acrylic thread, cotton thread and metal goods. These operations having been surrounded by the city-center due to fast population increases and urbanization have the tendency of moving their production facilities in full or in part to the industrial zones.

 

Ünaldı Şehreküstü Region:

This is one of the first settlement regions for industries in Gaziantep, and about 700 small and medium sized firms can be found here. The majority of the firms are factories for lentil processing, plastics and carpets.

SEAP PROJECT

SEAP is an integrated Regional Development Project which encompasses industry agriculture, road construction, education, health and other similar sectors, and which will help tremendously to improve the socio-economic structure of the region. It is the biggest large-scale project ever carried out by the Central Government in a regional sphere.

Because its industrial and economic structure surpasses that of other towns in the SEAP area, Gaziantep is very closely involved with this project and through the SEAP irrigation network project, some areas of Gaziantep will be irrigated. As a consequence, yields will rise, product diversity for domestic and export markets will be enhanced, and product fertility will be increased by development in product design and rotation. With SEAP in Gaziantep animal husbandry has improved, fish breeding has already started in areas with sufficient water, and the transportation of passengers and cargo has expanded. As a parallel to this increase, new highways have been built; a!I of these things have served to make the city more attractive and resulted in an increase in the population.

All of these developments throughout the SEAP project will be a source of employment, bringing a solution to unemployment and migration problems in the city. Thanks to the infrastructure which is already in place, its location at an important junction and its economic and industrial structure, Gaziantep, along with those provinces under its influence, will be able to offer a wide range of products to domestic and foreign markets by taking advantage of the region’s raw materials and agricultural resources

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2 Responses to “INDUSTRY OF GAZIANTEP”

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